Content Explorer

All Taxonomy, Themes and Categories

Taxonomy are collections of CAS Explorer content, from the Urbanism Applications of Complex Adaptive Systems theory to the types of features and attributes. This is an alphabetical listing of all taxonomy/collections/sets in the CAS Explorer. See all definitions in the site →


A collection of thoughts and topics related to the practice of architecture. Learn More about Architecture →

Complexity in Urbanism

The visualization below provides an overview of Key CAS concepts and how they relate to different streams of urban inquiry. For more information on a particular urban topic, and how it relates to concepts and key aspects of CAS, click on the diagram. Learn More about Complexity in Urbanism →

Field Notes

A collection of thoughts Learn More about Field Notes →

Food Networks

This is the excerpt Learn More about Food Networks →

Generative Design & Digital Architectural Practice

Some nice thoughts

Learn More about Generative Design & Digital Architectural Practice →


In terms of hierarchy, this collection is a parent to all of the articles in Field Notes. Learn More about Library →

Next Generation Infrastructure & Mobility

Conversation about next generation infrastructure and mobility.

Learn More about Next Generation Infrastructure & Mobility →

Privacy & Data Responsibility

Some nice thoughts Learn More about Privacy & Data Responsibility →

Smart Cities & Platform Architecture


  • who are smart cities for?
  • what are the problems smart cities are trying to solve for?
  • big data for public use vs governance an managerial efficiency of infrastructures and services
  • smart-from-the-start vs retrofitted cities
  • government mandated vs corporate models
  • what is the relationship between the built environment, technological and urban infrastructures and citizen engagement?
  • Big data makes smart cities predictive
  • cities are already smart, they adapt and respond using information but data from iot sensor and ict networks improves the ability to find and understand dynamics and patterns as well as propose specific solutions
  • smart is adjective for a city’s logistical abilities

“smart cities can be understood through histories of urban imaginations that prioritize maintaining order and efficiency and fostering economic growth and competitiveness in global and regional markets through technological and scientific developments.  ... cities are pressured to do more with less.”

programmed and programmable, constantly collecting, analyzing, and responding to real-time information

respond to, adapt, and predict

Anthony Townsend “smart cities are places where information technology is wielded to address problems”

Cities are fun

Cities in the past have been evolutionary though, no city was built in a day and the demands have not only been by the opportunists but the other way around as well. An example of this lies in the development of infrastructure in Istanbul as the result of the geche kondu rules of the Middle Ages.

How do I Eat More Good Stuff

People building on open land gained them ownership of property and created opportunity for those willing to provide infrastructure to those new to the urban fabric. As the city grew with informal settlements developing into more concrete developments, utilities were called for. Supply following demand. As areas of the city had infrastructure develop faster than other areas, those areas tended to grow faster. This play is evident in new cities as much as in old ones. Transitioning and evolving existing infrastructure to serve new technological advancements. As technological advancements are better understood and projected in modern times, we are starting to see infrastructure predate development and failing endure. This is where we run into problems designing from scratch. We are solving problems that are unrelated to the context and culture of the sites we are designing for.

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Sustainability in Practice

Some nice thoughts Learn More about Sustainability in Practice →


This serves more as a collection of the themes than a proper content page. The layout will shift to something more suited to a list of themes soon!

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